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Dark Spots: How to Reduce, Reverse and Prevent Them

From fair to dark complexions, dark spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, is a condition no one's immune from. Many factors can cause melanin production in our skin cells to skyrocket and result in tell-tale dark spots, but sun exposure remains at its core; UV rays are strong enough alone that their damage directly results in an unwanted blotchy complexion. 

woman with dark spots on skin

There are different types of dark spots, each with varying causes and treatments. The most common types include:

  1. Age spots - Sun exposure causes these dark spots, which are typically seen in people over the age of 50. They usually appear on the hands, arms, and face, as well as other areas of the body that are frequently exposed to the sun.
  2. Melasma - Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause are common causes of this kind of hyperpigmentation. On the face, it typically appears as symmetrical areas of gray-brown or brown discolouration.
  3. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation - This happens as a result of eczema, psoriasis, or acne-related skin damage or inflammation. On the afflicted region, it frequently manifests as dark spots or patches.

Do Dark Spots Go Away?

Although eliminating them entirely can be difficult for some, there are still ways you can improve your skin’s texture with an effective skincare routine. Not all forms of hyperpigmentation fade easily though -- hormonal fluctuations may bring persistent patches that require more specific treatments.

woman with sun damage on skin

How Can I Remove Dark Spots at Home?

At-home treatments can be effective in reducing the appearance of dark spots. Here are some ways you can try:

  1. Exfoliate regularly - To get rid of dead skin cells and encourage cell regeneration, use a mild exfoliant. Over time, this will assist in fading black spots. Over-exfoliating, however, must be avoided since it can irritate the skin and worsen hyperpigmentation.
  2. Use products with brightening ingredients - Look for skincare items that have compounds that brighten the skin, such vitamin C, kojic acid, or niacinamide. These components can aid in lowering melanin synthesis and enhancing the appearance of dark patches.
  3. Wear sunscreen - The best way to stop new black spots from appearing is to stay out of the sun. Every two hours, reapply sunscreen, making sure it has an SPF of at least 30. This will protect your skin from UV radiation's damaging effects while reducing any hyperpigmentation that is already there.

Using LED Light Therapy and EMS Microcurrent for Dark Spot Reduction

Glowastica offers an innovative solution for reducing the appearance of dark spots. Their electric facial massager utilizes LED light therapy and EMS microcurrent, which are effective ways to promote collagen production and stimulate the growth of new skin cells.

How Does LED Light Therapy Work for Dark Spot Reduction?

LED light therapy for dark spots offers a range of benefits for your skin, from encouraging collagen production and creating new cells to helping reduce dark spots. Red light therapy specifically has the potential to transform problem areas by targeting melanin-producing cells. On top of this, it could help smooth out wrinkles and refine texture in no time!

woman using led facial device

How Does EMS Microcurrent and Ultrasonic Vibrations Help with Dark Spots?

Glowastica's face shaper tool utilises ultrasonic and EMS microcurrent to increase lymphatic drainage and blood flow to the surface of your skin. This results in a natural facelift for your skin, increases skin firmness, and lessens the visibility of dark spots. The microcurrent stimulates the muscles in the face, which can lift and tighten the skin.

On the other hand, ultrasonic vibrations can enter the skin and aid in the absorption of skincare products. When used with skin-brightening agents, this can help to decrease the appearance of black spots.

woman using anti-aging face massager

FAQs About Dark Spots and Hyperpigmentation

What are dark spots and hyperpigmentation? 

Dark spots and hyperpigmentation refer to patches or spots on the skin that appear darker than the surrounding area. This happens when excess melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, forms deposits in the skin.

What causes hyperpigmentation and dark spots? 

These conditions can be caused by several factors, including sun exposure, hormonal changes, age, acne scarring, and certain medications. Genetics can also play a role in their development.

How can I prevent dark spots and hyperpigmentation? 

Prevention strategies involve avoiding excessive sun exposure, wearing SPF sunscreen regularly, maintaining a balanced diet, and having a proper skincare regimen. Also, it's important to manage hormonal imbalances and avoid picking at your skin to prevent acne scarring.

Are dark spots and hyperpigmentation permanent?

No, they are not necessarily permanent. While some dark spots may take a while to fade, many treatments can help speed up the process, ranging from topical creams to professional dermatological procedures.

What are some effective treatments for dark spots and hyperpigmentation? 

Treatments can range from over-the-counter creams and serums that contain ingredients like retinol, vitamin C, and glycolic acid to professional treatments such as laser therapy, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion. However, it's crucial to consult a dermatologist before starting any new treatment.

How long does it take for dark spots and hyperpigmentation to fade? 

The duration varies depending on the severity of the hyperpigmentation, the type of treatment, and how consistently the treatment is used. It may take a few weeks to several months to see noticeable improvement.

Can I cover up dark spots with makeup while treating them?

Yes, while undergoing treatment for dark spots, you can use makeup to cover them up. However, make sure the makeup products you use are non-comedogenic and don't exacerbate your skin condition.

Final Thoughts

Although dark spots can be an annoying and difficult-to-treat skin issue, you can attain a more even and glowing complexion with the correct skincare regimen and treatments. Home remedies like routine exfoliation and the use of substances that are brightening can help reduce dark spots over time, but LED light therapy and EMS microcurrent can deliver more focused and effective effects.

Tatiana Danchenko

Tatiana is a certified practitioner of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Acupuncture with more than 15 years of experience in the field. She earned her TCM Diploma from the Canadian College of Holistic Health and is an active member of the CTCMPAO. Tatiana's expertise lies in addressing joint and muscle pain, emotional and digestive issues, insomnia, and stress management. She runs a beauty clinic in Richmond Hill, Ontario, dedicated to providing natural solutions for a youthful appearance.

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